Europe’s forest fires will rage more often in the future and engulf new areas, experts have warned.
They say climate change has extended the traditional wildfire season and increased the frequency of blazes.
The number of forest fires has trebled so far this year, compared with the average over the last eight years, according to figures obtained by Euronews, affecting an area nearly the size of Luxembourg.
Portugal, Italy and Croatia have battled blazes in recent days amid high temperatures and lower-than-normal rainfall.
It comes less than a month since 64 people died in a forest fire in Portugal, with many victims caught in their cars as they tried to flee.
Starting earlier, burning longer
Thomas Curt, a researcher at the National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture, said global warming was a factor in Portugal’s deadly fire and that climate change had extended the wildfire season from two to up to five months.
Alexander Held, a senior expert at the European Forest Institute, backed Curt’s claim saying fires were starting earlier and burning for longer.
“We will see a lot more surprises and fires burning in places that don’t have a fire history,” Held told Euronews. “Spain burns, yes, but it’s not a surprise.
“We’ll see more fires and more intense fires in the Mediterranean and new fire situations in countries that don’t really expect it.”
‘Invest in prevention’
Held said Norway had seen wildfires in January in recent years and there had been hundreds reported in Northern Ireland in May.
“I would say it’s the weather and weather is the short-term of climate. We do have these more extreme weather situations more often, so this is climate change.
“But it’s a very welcome excuse to say it’s climate change. It gives you a nice way out to say it’s climate change.”
Held, a forester and a fire specialist, called for more to be done to prevent fires by managing the land better.
He said the land hit in Portugal’s deadly fire last month was owned by forestry companies who had no incentive to limit their profits by putting in fire breaks.
“There’s nobody on a European level to say yes we need helicopters and the fire service but let’s take 10 percent of the firefighting budget and invest that in strategic vegetation management,” he said.
“Firefighting is expensive, with all the vehicles and aerial resources. It would be a fraction of this budget to invest in managing the land.
“Or compensate a landowner if he is cutting fire breaks or providing better access to his land or if he does a risk analysis.
“At the moment this is very neglected. The reality is firefighting is very political and business-driven, especially with helicopters and aircraft.
“As a politician if you order more helicopters you are seen as a very active politician but if you invest in clearing land, no-one from the media will show any interest in your prevention work.”
Posted with permission from EURONEWS